Wayne State University

Aim Higher

Reflection Tools

SAMPLE REFLECTION QUESTIONS

Reflection may take place before, during, and after the service activity. Below are sample questions to help guide the reflection process.

Pre-Service

  • What do you expect to experience at the service site?
  • What do you think is expected of you during this service experience?
  • What do you expect to gain from this experience?
  • What do you expect will be the impact of this activity on the service recipients?
  • What do you think about the problem that you will address through this service activity?
  • What do you think about the way the problem is currently being addressed?
  • What do you think about the population being served by this activity?

During the Service

  • Are you doing what you thought you would be doing? (If not, why?)
  • Are your expectations about the activity being met?
  • Are your expectations about the community organization being met?
  • What is going right?
  • What is not going right? How can it be fixed?
  • Do you think service recipients are benefiting from this service?
  • Do you think the activity is meaningful and worthwhile?
  • Do you want to continue with the project or quit? Why?

Post-Service

  • Did you learn anything from this experience?
  • What did you learn from this experience?
  • Were your expectations about the service met?
  • Was the community problem addressed through your service?
  • Were the goals and objectives of the project accomplished?
  • How have your views about the problem changed?
  • How have your views about the population you served changed?
  • What do you think about the way policymakers or those in positions to effect change are addressing this problem?
  • What were the benefits from participating in this service activity?
  • Has this experience changed you? If yes, how?
  • Would you do this again? Why?
  • What are the most important points you take with you from this experience?
  • Do you think you will continue to be involved in service?


TIPS FOR A SUCCESSFUL REFLECTION SESSION

To be effective, a reflection should:

  • Be led by an enthusiastic, creative, and nonjudgmental facilitator
  • Purposely link the service experience to learning objectives
  • Be outcome-based
  • Have sufficient time for discussion/writing/presenting to make the activity meaningful
  • Be appropriate for the group (age, skill levels, culturally sensitive, etc.)
  • Engage all participants
  • Be conducted in an environment in which participants feel safe to express their feelings and observations
  • Address negative experiences, while highlighting positive experiences.


Adapted from the Howard University Center for the Advancement of Service-Learning